Uterine Cancer is the most common malignancy of the female reproductive organs.
- It is the 4th most common cancer in women behind breast, lung and colon cancers
- No children or pregnancies
- Early menarche
- Late Menopause
- Unopposed estrogen therapy
Signs or Symptoms:
- Unusual vaginal bleeding or spotting (most common)
- Vague pelvic discomfort
- Generalized weakness
- Unexplained weight loss
Made by tissue evaluation for pathologic confirmation by either endometrial biopsy or dilation and curettage (D&C).
- Stage I: Cancer is confined to the uterus
- Stage II: The cancer has extended to the cervix
- Stage III: Extension of the tumor outside the uterus to other pelvic organs or lymph nodes
- Stage IV: Metastasis (spread) beyond the uterus, pelvis and lymph nodes
- Grade I: well-differentiated
- Grade I: moderately-differentiated
- Grade I: poorly-differentiated
Surgery is usually the treatment of choice and includes hysterectomy with removal of the fallopian tubes, ovaries and lymph nodes in the pelvis.
Routine Pelvic exams along with PAP smears to be scheduled as follows:
- Every 3-4 months for 2 years
- Every 6 months for 3-5 years
- Yearly thereafter