Vaginal Cancer represents 1-2% of female genital tract malignancies.

Risk Factors:

  • Low socioeconomic status
  • Prior hysterectomy for cervical dysplasia or cancer
  • History of Human Papiloma Virus (HPV) infection

Signs and Symptoms:

  • Painless vaginal bleeding
  • Unusual vaginal discharge


  • Stage 0: Carcinoma in situ, intraepithelial carcinoma
  • Stage I: Vaginal tissue involved (superficial)
  • Stage II: Surrounding vaginal tissue involved (deeper)
  • Stage III: Pelvic tissue involved
  • Stage IV: Distant spread (to liver, lungs, etc.)


Surgery or radiation